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Cekindo’s Immigration Services in Vietnam

What You Should Know about Vietnam’s Business Visa (DN Visa)

The Immigration Law in Vietnam obliges foreigners staying or working in Vietnam to obtain visas and permits to comply with local regulations. A business visa in Vietnam, also known as DN Visa, is granted to foreigners with an invitation from a business partner or employer based in Vietnam. The employer must guarantee the foreigner’s entry permission by submitting all information to the state agency’s online website and getting approval.

Definition of a DN Visa

Definition of a DN Visa

DN Visa for doing business includes DN1 and DN2 visa:
  • DN1 – Issued to foreigners working with other enterprises and organizations that are juridical persons as per the law of Vietnam.
  • DN2 – Issued to foreigners making entry to promote services, establish commercial presence or conduct other activities according to international agreements that Vietnam is a signatory to.
DN Visa is issued to foreigners working with other enterprises and organizations and foreigners making entry to promote services, establish commercial presence or, conduct other activities. The validity of a DN Visa varies, but the maximum validity is one year (12 months). In general, a DN Visa is issued with a validity of either one month, three months or six months, considering that it serves its purpose to enable foreigners to stay and work only short-term in the country. Furthermore, a DN Visa comes in single-entry or multiple-entry.
Eligible to apply for DN Visa

Are you eligible to apply for DN Visa?

If you want to apply for a DN Visa, you need to be a foreigner who is invited to do business and work in a Vietnamese company. But to do so, you must apply for a work permit and temporary residence card (TRC) for each stay in Vietnam, as the guarantor’s invitation only lasts three months. Or, you are also eligible when you are a student who intends to do an internship. A Vietnamese company that invites you for an internship should provide you with an invitation letter. test

Business Visa Vietnam: Requirements + Restrictions Apply

Immigration offices in different countries may impose different requirements and restrictions.

If you visit Vietnam, take into account the following requirements and restrictions:

STEP 1

You must possess a passport or documents enabling international travel, except for cases of visa-free entry. The passport of a foreigner wishing to make entry in form of unilateral visa-free must be valid at least for another 6 months.

STEP 2

You must be able to present an invitation letter or a sponsorship letter from either a legal company or a business partner in Vietnam.

The process to apply for DN Visa is currently quite strict but as long as you satisfy all the requirements and submit a complete set of required documents it can be quite smooth.

1. When do foreign workers have to apply for a work permit in Vietnam?

In some situations, foreign workers foreign workers or other business people are required to apply for a work permit. More specifically, you will have to apply for a work permit if you belong to these roles:
No Type Notes
1 Must apply for work permit
  • The manager of a representative office, project or the person in charge of operations of an international organization or foreign non-governmental organization in Vietnam.
  • Entering Vietnam for a period of fewer than three months to conduct marketing for a service. 
  • Entering Vietnam for a period of fewer than three months to resolve a complicated technical or technological issue which (i) affects or threatens to affect the business operation and (ii) cannot be resolved by Vietnamese experts or any other foreign experts currently in Vietnam.
  • A foreign lawyer who has been granted a lawyer’s practicing certificate in Vietnam in accordance with the Law on Lawyers.
  • Part of an international treaty which the Socialist Republic of Vietnam is a signatory to.
  • Married (or going to be) to a Vietnamese citizen and wishes to reside in Vietnam.
  • The owner or capital contributor of a limited liability company with a capital contribution value of at least 3 billion VND.
  • The Chairperson or a member of the Board of Directors of a joint-stock company with a capital contribution value of at least 3 billion VND.
  • An intra-company transferee within 11 sectors in the schedule of commitments in services between Vietnam and WTO, including: business services, communication services, construction services, distribution services, educational services, environmental services, financial services, health services, tourism services, recreational and cultural services, and transport services.
  • Entering Vietnam to provide professional and engineering consulting services or perform other tasks intended for research, formulation, appraisal, supervision, evaluation, management and execution of programs and projects using official development assistance (ODA) in accordance with regulations or agreement in international treaties on ODA signed between the competent authorities of Vietnam and foreign countries.
  • Granted a communication and journalism practicing certificate in Vietnam by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs as per the law.
  • Sent by a foreign competent authority or organization to Vietnam to teach and study at an international school under the management of a foreign diplomatic mission or the United Nations,; or of a facility established under an agreement to which Vietnam is a signatory.
  • A volunteer as specified in clause 2 Article 3 of Decree 152/2020/ND-CP
  • Entering Vietnam to hold the position of a manager, executive, expert, or technical worker for a period of work of fewer than 30 days and up to 3 times a year.
  • Entering Vietnam to implement an international agreement to which a central or provincial authority is a signatory as per the law.
  • A student studying at a foreign school or training institution which has a probation agreement with an agency, organization, or enterprise in Vietnam; or a probationer or apprentice on a Vietnam sea-going ship.
  • Responsible for establishing a commercial presence.
  • A relative of a member of a foreign representative body in Vietnam as specified in point l clause 1 Article 2 of Decree 152/2020/ND-CP.
  • Working for a regulatory agency, political organization, or socio-political organization with an official passport.
  • Certified by the Ministry of Education and Training as a foreign worker entering Vietnam for teaching and research purposes.
2 Work permit not required Other than the cases above, you don’t need a work permit to be staying and working in Vietnam.

2. Procedures for getting a Business Visa in Vietnam

The following procedures are in line with Decree 152/2020/ND-CP from the Vietnamese government.   A. For cases subject to applying for a work permit
Step 1 Apply for approval of the need to employ foreign workers At least 30 days before the expected date of employment of foreign workers, the employer (except for contractors) must:
  • Determine the demand for employing human resources for each job position that Vietnamese workers have not yet met
  • Report to the Ministry of Labor, War Invalids and Social Affairs (“MOLISA”) or the People’s Committee of the province or city under central authority where the foreign worker is expected to work
Time limit for state agencies to process dossiers: Within 10 days from the date of receipt of complete and valid dossiers.
Step 2 Apply for approval of the need to employ foreign workers At least 15 days before the foreign worker is expected to start working in Vietnam, he/she must submit an application for a work permit
  • The employer’s written request for a work permit
  • Health certificate
  • A judicial record card or a document certifying that the foreigner is not a person who is currently serving a sentence or has not yet had his/her criminal record cleared or is in the process of being examined for penal liability
  • Documents and papers proving that they are managers, executives, experts, technical workers and a number of occupations and jobs
  • Photo card
  • Written approval of demand for labor
  • Passport
  • The relevant documents depend on the purpose of working in Vietnam that the regulations refer to
  • Dossier of application for a work permit for some special cases
Time limit for state agencies to process dossiers: 05 working days from the date of receipt of complete and valid dossiers.
B. For the cases are not required to apply for a work permit
Step 1 Approve the need to use foreign workers (whether this step is done or not depends on each case according to the provisions of the law). If yes, same content as step 1 of cases are required to apply the work permit.
Step 2 Depending on the case referred to by the law, the employer must carry out the following procedures and send it to the MOLISA or the Department of Labor, War Invalids and Social Affairs:
  • Request for confirmation that the foreign worker is not eligible for a work permit at least 10 days before the employee starts working.
  • Report at least 03 days in advance from the date the employee starts working.
Dossier of application that is not subject to the grant of a work permit:
  • A written request to certify that the foreign worker is not eligible for a work permit.
  • Health certificate/health examination certificate
  • Written approval of the need to employ foreign workers (except for cases where the need to employ foreign workers is not required)
  • Passport
  • Documents proving that the foreign worker is not eligible for a work permit
Time limit for state agencies to process dossiers: 05 working days from the date of receipt of complete and valid dossiers.

3. Terms for Business Visas

  • The maximum time limit for certifying that a foreign worker is not eligible for a work permit is 2 years and the duration of one of the cases specified in Article 10 of Decree 152/2020/ND-CP. In case of re-issuance of certification that the foreign worker is not eligible for a work permit, the maximum time limit is 2 years.
  • The term of a work permit is granted according to the term of one of the cases specified in Article 10 Decree 152/2020/ND-CP but must not exceed 2 years.

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FAQs

The term "business visa" gets tricky in the Vietnamese context. In Vietnam, there are several kinds of visas that might be used for business purposes, and their requirements, validity and conditions differ. As a rule of thumb, DN business visa is the one you should apply for when working in Vietnam. Find more information on business visa types

This depends on several factors such as your country of origin, previous working experience, a position you apply for etc. However, the process will be smoother with the assistance of a professional visa partner with a vast network of contacts in Vietnam.

Again, this depends on the kind of visa you apply for. Business visas and work permits should be sponsored by the employer while agencies can sponsor an Invitation Letter for a tourist visa.

Yes. If you need to stay longer in Vietnam, your employer or business partner will act on your behalf to extend your business visa. The maximum length of extension is one year with multiple-entry visits.

No. E-visa is only available for tourist visa.

No. You have to exit Vietnam and apply for a business visa from outside the country.

Of course. Business visa is applicable to business activities, including contract signing.

The cost may vary based on the validity of the business visa. You need to confirm with your visa agent of choice whether the cost covers only the service fee or covers the stamp fee as well.

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